The video below provides amazing insight into Functional Behavior Analysis and how it can be useful in Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy. This information is presented by the knowledgeable, Lana Bavaro. Lana will be going over what Functional Behavior Analysis is and the process of reforming behavior in a positive manner.
Functional Behavior Analysis
When studying and analyzing behavior you must be able to define it. This means that the behavior must be both observable and measurable. This is not always a simply task. As a result, there are four conditions to consider when trying to understand why a behavior is occurring. The first condition to consider, is if the behavior is occurring when the child is alone. The second condition is if the behavior is seeking the attention of others. The third condition is if the child is attempting to gain access to a tangible item. The last condition is if the child is trying to escape a specific demand.
Identifying and Decreasing Problem Behaviors
Problem behaviors serve multiple functions, and many times these functions overlap. Problem behaviors can be identified as behaviors that look socially inappropriate, interferes with learning, causes harm to self and/or others, and destroys property. Once you have identified problem behaviors and the functions behind them, then the goal is to reduce those negative behaviors. The way to achieve this is to increase appropriate behaviors by implementing replacement skills.
Reinforcement is a positive or negative consequence that follows and action or behavior which then increases the likelihood that the behavior will occur again. This means, reinforcement is used to shape and modify behavior. Positive reinforcement is the addition of something pleasant as a consequence of a response. Negative reinforcement is the removal of something unpleasant as a consequence. However, negative reinforcement is not identical to punishment. Punishment is strongly discouraged in ABA practices, unless all other options have been exhausted. In addition, there are two type of reinforcers, primary and secondary reinforcers. There are also schedules of reinforcement that you must adhere to when observing and measuring behavior.