Implications for Sensory Processing Disorder and Interventions
The video below goes into great detail explaining the various kinds of Sensory Processing Disorder, and interventions that can help. This information is presented by the experienced, Chaya Miriam Singer-Dick. Chaya begins by mapping out Sensory Processing Disorder in all its forms. Later, she presents how individuals may cope with their sensory sensitivities. Finally, Chaya describes various interventions that are implemented to achieve appropriate sensory processing.
Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)
Sensory Processing Disorder is a real issue among children, especially those on the Autistic Spectrum. There is a three step system involved when one comes into contact with their environment. The first step is sensory input. We receive these sensory input messages from all seven of our senses. The second step is processing. The third and final step is response. Children with SPD have a difficult time with the processing step, which then leads to an abnormal response. Of course, these responses vary among children. Some children over-react, some children under-react, and other children seek additional sensory input. These responses can appear in any and all of the seven senses.
The Seven Senses
The first sense is touch. In regards to touch, there is: light touch, vibration, temperature, deep pressure, and pain. The second sense is vision. Vision is the ability to see clearly, track movement, and sensitivity to light. The third sense is auditory. Hearing is the ability to listen, filter excess noise, and varied tones. The fourth and fifth senses are taste and smell. Taste is the ability to adjust to new flavors. Smell is the ability to adjust and recognize aromas. The sixth sense is vestibular. This sense controls one’s balance, muscle tone, and ability to move. Finally, the seventh sense is proprioception. This sense clarifies where our bodies are in relation to the surrounding environment. Additionally, this sense helps us determine where to move within a space.
The key to Sensory Integration is to help the child find balance in their responses. Sensory Integration attempts to transition abnormal responses into more regulated responses. This then allows the child the opportunity to function and maintain a controlled state. This is of course ideal in academic environments in order to promote the highest levels of learning.
Therapies That Can Help
There are various therapies that are utilized to help Sensory Processing Disorder. The first is, Occupational Therapy (OT). Occupational Therapy discovers why the child is having difficulties. Occupational Therapists then develop strategies to help the child adapt and help them achieve an optimal level of arousal in their environment. The video then begins explaining Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). ABA practices also observe and attempt to understand the behaviors. ABA facilitators then track the data they collect and develop graphs to show trends of improvement. Next, the video briefly describes Hippotherapy, which helps children who are passive and active. Lastly, the video introduces the influence of Specialized Food Diets. This is not a finite therapy, however, it may have a positive impact. Each diet is designed for each individual child. However, Specialized Food Diets are tricky to implement because they often impact the entire family and their eating habits, as well.
The most comprehensive plans utilize multiple types of therapy. The idea is to have these therapies work as a team in order to yield the best results.