An Overview of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Methodology
This video, presented by Heyde Ramirez, provides an overview of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) methodology to enhance one’s knowledge of elementary ABA principles. It begins by explaining and defining behavior. Then, it provides insight into how ABA methodology can have a positive impact in molding behavior. Lastly, it briefly introduces data collection, specifically through the Catalyst Data Collection program.
What is Behavior?
Behavior is simply defined as what people say and do. In addition, behavior is dimensional. These dimensions include frequency, magnitude, and frequency. Frequency is the amount of times the behavior is displayed. Magnitude is the intensity of the behavior. Duration is the amount of time the behavior lasts. Moreover, behavior is either overt or covert. Overt behavior is behavior that we can see and observe. Conversely, covert behavior is not measurable because each person is different. For example, a child is crying (overt behavior), then you assume the child is sad (covert).
In Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) we focus our attention on observable/overt behavior because it is measurable. It is essential to to track behavior in terms of the various dimensions mentioned previously. Furthermore, when recording data for ABA it is essential that you are as specific with your notes as possible. For example, if a child is being “disruptive” then you need to explain how that child is being disruptive.
Respondent vs. Operant Behavior
Respondent behavior does not require any formal learning or training. It is behavior that is based on reflexes and natural reactions. For example, learning not to touch the stove when it is on because it is hot. On the other hand, operant behavior is the one we focus on when implementing ABA methodology. This is based on how someone responds to their environment. We are all shaped by our environment and it shapes our behavior. It is normal to act differently in certain situations and circumstances. When working with ABA, the goal is to generalize behavior and reinforce positive behavior in any and all environments.
Reinforcement and Building Rapport
When implementing ABA methodology, both positive and negative reinforcement, plays a huge role in the growth and development of the child you are working with. It is also important to establish a positive relationship with the child. If the child enjoys your company, then it is more likely that you will find better results from your efforts.
As you are viewing the video below, I hope you acquire knowledge about behavior, and its definition, and how it interacts positively with Applied Behavior Analysis methodology.