An Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Principles

 In Education

The video below is an introduction to basic Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) principles and their positive correlation to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It will start off by presenting some shocking ASD statistics. Then, it will begin to enhance your understanding of the various characteristics associated with ASD. Next, it will introduce the basic ABA principles and explain why they are effective in the treatment of ASD.

Autism Statistics

Autism is the fastest growing developmental disability in the United States. In fact, 1 in 68 children are diagnosed with Autism each year. The prevalence, as well as the awareness of Autism has increased exponentially over the most recent years. In addition, Autism affects boys 5 times more often than it does girls. Moreover, Autism can cost families around $60,000 per year, for a variety of reasons.  As of now, there is no finite medical cure for Autism. However, the only federally endorsed treatment option for ASD at this time is Applied Behavior Analysis.

Autism Characteristics

Autism is now referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This is because Autism has now absorbed a full “spectrum” of developmental disorders that include all functioning levels. For instance, Asperger’s Disorder is now included under the umbrella of ASD. For your clarification, Asperger’s Disorder is normally associated with higher functioning individuals who may struggle with comprehending and executing social skills. ASD is the display of significant social, communicative, and behavioral developmental delays. Social delays include a lack of eye contact, a lack of interest in others, and perhaps difficulty accepting affection. Communicative delays include lacking the ability or desire to communicate with others and/or having repetitive language. Lastly, behavioral delays involve continuous and repetitive movements, engaging in restricted activities, and difficulty tolerating changes in routine. In order to receive services ASD must be medically diagnosed and confirmed in at least 2 of the 3 areas of development.

Applied Behavior Analysis

As mentioned previously, the only treatment option that is federally endorsed and recognized is Applied Behavior Analysis. Applied Behavior Analysis is continuously and extensively researched as being effective, is generalizable, and replicable. This means that ABA treatment plans and tactics are effective for any individual with ASD. The primary goal of ABA is to increase socially accepted and significant behaviors, while decreasing maladaptive social behaviors over time. The implementation of ABA greatly reduces or even removes an ASD diagnosis. ABA is essential to the treatment of ASD because it finally provides hope to the children affected by ASD, as well as to their families and loved ones.

As you are watching the video below, I hope you gather additional insight into ASD characteristics, ABA principles, and the positive impact ABA can have on children affected by ASD. 

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